314E CR Hydraulic Excavator

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314E CR Hydraulic Excavator

314E CR - 2012, Tier 4 Interim, North Americas
  • Standard Equipment
  • Optional Equipment
  • Specs
  • Features
  • Media

Standard Equipment

  • CAB
    • Pressurized operator station with positive filtration
    • Sliding upper door window (left-hand cab door)
    • Removable lower windshield with in cab storage bracket
    • Coat hook
    • Beverage holder
    • Literature holder
    • AM/FM radio
    • Radio with MP3 auxiliary audio port
    • Two stereo speakers
    • Storage shelf suitable for lunch or toolbox
    • Color LCD display with indicators, filter/fluid change, and working hour information
    • Adjustable armrest
    • Height adjustable joystick consoles
    • Neutral lever (lock out) for all controls
    • Travel control pedals with removable hand levers
    • Capability of installing additional pedal
    • Power outlets, 5 amp
    • Travel alarm
    • Laminated glass front upper window and tempered other windows
    • 80 amp alternator
    • Circuit breaker
    • Capability to electrically connect a beacon
    • C4.4 diesel engine
    • Biodiesel capable
    • Meets EPA Tier 4 Interim emission standards
    • 2300 m (7,500 ft) altitude capability
    • Electric priming pump
    • Automatic engine speed control
    • Economy and high power modes
    • Two-speed travel
    • Side-by-side cooling system
    • Radial seal air filter
    • Primary filter with water separator and water separator indicator
    • Secondary filter
    • Screen filter in fuel line
    • Variable speed fan with viscous clutch
    • Regeneration circuit for boom and stick
    • Reverse swing dampening valve
    • Automatic swing parking brake
    • High-performance hydraulic return filter
    • Fine swing control
    • Halogen boom light (left side)
    • Time delay function for boom light and cab light
    • Exterior light
    • Center track guiding guard
    • Grease Lubricated Track GLT2, resin seal
    • Towing eye on base frame
    • Cat one key security system
    • Door locks
    • Cap locks on fuel and hydraulic tanks
    • Lockable external tool/storage box
    • Signaling/warning horn
    • Secondary engine shutoff switch
    • Rear window for emergency exit
    • Guard, travel motor protection
    • Guard rail
    • Rearview camera-ready

Optional Equipment

  • CAB
    • Seat, high-back air suspension with heater and cooling
    • Seat, high-back air suspension with heater
    • Seat, high-back mechanical suspension
    • Right pedal
    • Rain protector
    • Cab mirror
    • Ashtray
    • 3.06 mt (3.4 t) without lifting eye
    • 3.56 mt (3.9 t) without lifting eye
    • Cold weather battery -25° C (-13° F)
    • Jump start receptacle
    • Quick drains, engine and hydraulic oil
    • Quick coupler
    • Bucket linkage
    • 4.65 m (15'3") Reach Boom
    • Power Offset Boom
    • 2.13 m (6'11") stick for Power Offset Boom
    • 2.5 m (8'2") stick
    • 2.8 m (9'2") stick
    • 3.0 m (9'10") stick
    • 3.0 m (9'10") thumb-ready stick
    • Control pattern quick-changer, two way
    • Auxiliary hydraulics
    • Boom and stick lines
    • High-pressure line
    • Medium-pressure line
    • Quick coupler line
    • Boom lowering and stick lowering control device
    • Cat Bio hydraulic oil
    • Working light, cab mounted with time delay
    • HID light, cab mounted with time delay
    • Halogen boom lights (right side)
    • 500 mm (20") triple grouser shoes
    • 600 mm (24") triple grouser shoes
    • 700 mm (28") triple grouser shoes
    • Rubber pad for 500 mm (20") triple grouser shoes
    • 2500 mm (8'2") blade with replaceable cutting edge
    • 2600 mm (8'6") blade with replaceable cutting edge
    • 2700 mm (8'10") blade with replaceable cutting edge
    • Swivel guard
    • FOGS, bolt-on
    • Guard, cab front, mesh
    • Guard, vandalism
    • Security system fitted (MSS)
    • Bottom guards, heavy duty
    • Rearview camera
    • Cat Grade Control Depth and Slope
    • Product Link



Long Name:
314E CR Hydraulic Excavator
314E CR


Engine Model:
Cat® C4.4 ACERT™
Flywheel Power:
89.0 hp / 67.0 kW
4.1 in / 105.0 mm
5.0 in / 127.0 mm
270.0 in3 / 4.4 L
Gross Power - SAE J1995:
95.0 hp / 71.0 kW
Net Power - SAE J1349:
89.0 hp / 67.0 kW


Operating Weight:
32600.0 lb / 14800.0 kg


Maximum Drawbar Pull:
25400.0 lb / 113.0 kN
Maximum Travel Speed:
3.4 mph / 5.4 km/h

Swing Mechanism

Swing Torque:
22790.0 lb ft / 30.9 kN·m
Swing Speed:
11.5 RPM / 11.5 RPM

Hydraulic System

Maximum Pressure - Travel:
5080.0 psi / 35000.0 kPa
Maximum Pressure - Swing:
3340.0 psi / 23000.0 kPa
Pilot System - Maximum Flow:
4.8 gal/min / 21.9 L/min
Pilot System - Maximum Pressure:
600.0 psi / 4120.0 kPa
Boom Cylinder - Bore:
4.3 in / 110.0 mm
Boom Cylinder - Stroke:
39.4 in / 1000.0 mm
Stick Cylinder - Bore:
4.7 in / 120.0 mm
Stick Cylinder - Stroke:
47.1 in / 1197.0 mm
Bucket Cylinder - Bore:
3.9 in / 100.0 mm
Bucket Cylinder - Stroke:
37.0 in / 939.0 mm
Main System - Maximum Flow (Total):
67.0 gal/min / 254.0 L/min
Maximum Pressure - Equipment:
4420.0 psi / 30500.0 kPa
Maximum Pressure - Power Offset Boom (optional):
4340.0 psi / 29900.0 kPa
Swing System - Maximum Flow:
34.0 gal/min / 127.0 L/min

Service Refill Capacities

Cooling System:
7.4 gal / 28.0 L
Swing Drive (each):
0.6 gal / 2.4 L
Final Drive (each):
0.8 gal / 3.0 L
Hydraulic System (including tank):
42.3 gal / 160.0 L
Hydraulic Tank:
22.2 gal / 84.0 L
Engine Oil (with filter):
3.6 gal / 13.5 L
Fuel Tank Capacity:
47.0 gal / 178.0 L

Sound Performance

ISO 6395 - Spectator Noise:
100.0 dB(A) / 100.0 dB(A)
ISO 6396 - Operator Noise (Closed):
69.0 dB(A) / 69.0 dB(A)


Long Undercarriage - Number of Carrier Rollers (each side):
2 pieces
Long Undercarriage - Number of Shoes (each side):
46 pieces
Long Undercarriage - Number of Track Rollers (each side):
7 pieces


Compact Radius

You can have flexibility and peace of mind in tight quarters.

If your work space is restricted, the 314E CR makes an ideal choice because it can get up close to new residential construction, buildings, fences, hillsides, or any other “crowded” environment with ease. When rotated 90 degrees and working over the side, the 314E CR’s counterweight extends only a bit beyond the track width and doesn’t exceed the length of the track at all. This significantly reduces the risk of your operator damaging the machine and surrounding structures in full swing, which makes for a safer work environment and lower owning and operating costs for your business.


You can count on reduced emissions, economical and reliable performance.

The Cat C4.4 ACERT engine is built to meet your demanding needs all day every day. There is no interruption to your job process as our new regeneration system works automatically with no operator intervention required.

Power Modes

The 314E features two power modes: High power mode is when you need maximum production; economy mode is when you need to balance performance with fuel economy. Two additional fuel-saving features are on demand engine power and engine idle shutdown. On demand engine power keeps speed low during light loading and idling and automatically adjusts speed up when it senses a heavier load; engine idle shutdown automatically shuts the engine off when it’s been idling for more than a specified amount of time that you set, which can save you significant amounts of fuel, reduce your emissions, and even reduce your accumulated service hours, which will extend service intervals and improve re-sale value.

Biodiesel-Ready Fuel System

The C4.4 ACERT engine runs on ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel, and you have added flexibility of running on B20 biodiesel fuel that meets ASTM 6751 standards. Just fill it up and go.


You can move dirt, rock, and debris with speed, precision, and efficiency.

Hydraulic System

One of the biggest contributors to your productivity and fuel savings is a well-designed hydraulic system, and this is where Cat excavators stand apart. The 314E CR is loaded with several unique features that will put more power to the ground with less money out of your pocket.

Pumps and Valves

The main control valve is built to work with any tool, allowing you to take on multiple tasks with one machine. The main pumps are located side by side and are driven directly by the engine for the highest level of efficiency to reduce your fuel costs.

Boom Regeneration

Electric boom regeneration results in less pressure loss, higher controllability, more productivity, and lower operating costs for you; it works by reusing the flow of oil that travels from the head of the boom cylinder to the rod end of the boom cylinder during your operator’s everyday “boom down” operation. During boom regeneration, engine speed is controlled to be low in order to save extra oil flow from going to the boom cylinders, which saves energy.

Operator Station

Your operators will enjoy the incredibly quiet and comfortable cab.


Mechanical and air suspension seat options with heated and air-cooled availability give operators all the comfort they need for a long day of work. All seats include a reclining back, upper and lower seat slide adjustments, and height and tilt angle adjustments.


Your operators can adjust the right and left joysticks for individual preferences, helping the operator become more comfortable, more productive, and more alert.

Power Supply and Auxiliary Audio Port

To keep your operators happy, comfortable and connected, one 12-volt power supply is located on the radio near key storage areas for charging electronic devices such as an MP3 player and cell phone. An auxiliary port allows your operators to plug and play MP3 audio through the cab’s speakers.


Your operators have storage spaces located in the rear. A dedicated space near the auxiliary power supply will hold an MP3 player and cell phone. The drink holder accommodates large mugs with handles, and a shelf behind the seat stores large lunch or toolboxes.

Automatic Climate Control

An automatic climate control system features seven air outlets with filtered ventilation to make your operators comfortable in either hot or cold climates.


Your operators can keep safely focused on the job at hand with a high-resolution LCD monitor that is programmable in 44 languages to support today’s diverse workforce. It also projects the image from an available rearview camera, further increasing the safety and productivity of your job site.

Structures & Undercarriage

You can take on a variety of tough tasks with this built-to-last machine.


You can expect excellent quality, reliability, and durability with the 314E CR’s reinforced lower and upper frames. Both are built to handle a hard day’s work over and over again.


Long undercarriage supports any type of work you can do with a 14 metric ton machine. The track rollers are a double solid-pin-type design to improve reliability; an optional two-piece guiding guard helps maintain track alignment and improves the machine’s overall performance.


The 314E CR has two counterweight options - 3.06 and 3.56 mt (3.4 and 3.9 t) - to optimally match your machine to the task at hand, whether it’s doing light trenching or heavy lifting. With integrated links, you can also easily - and safely - remove the counterweight for maintenance or shipping.

Work Tools

You can dig, hammer, rip, and cut with confidence.

You can extend the versatility and performance of your machine with the full lineup of Cat work tools. Each tool equips your machine to perform the many different tasks found at a variety of job sites.

Couplers: Quick Tool Changes

Imagine the productivity you’ll achieve with a quick coupler. Combine a robust coupler with a common work tool inventory that can be shared between same size machines and you’ll get performance and flexibility on every job. The Cat Center-Lock™ pin grabber coupler features a patented locking system and highly visible lock. You can clearly see when the coupler is engaged or disengaged from the attachment.

Work Tools: Cut, Crush, Pulverize and Load

No matter your specialty, Caterpillar provides tools that are perfectly matched to get the most out of your Cat machine - quickly and efficiently. Field-installed hydraulic kits are uniquely designed to integrate any Cat Work Tool with your 314E CR.

Buckets: Dig, Move, Load

Cat buckets are designed to fill efficiently so you notice a fast, smooth cycle, which means high productivity each time you dig. Wear characteristics of general duty, heavy duty, and severe duty buckets give you solid performance in a wide variety of material abrasions. Ditch cleaning and other specialty buckets are available when needed.

Front Linkage

You’ll experience a long service life even in the harshest of conditions.

Your uptime and service intervals are increased with durable and reliable booms, sticks, and linkage pins. Each boom and stick is built with internal baffle plates for additional strength, and each undergoes ultrasound inspection to ensure you get the durability and reliability you expect for any tough application.


Two types of booms are available to meet the variety of tasks you take on in a given day. A reach boom offers you excellent all-around versatility and a large working envelope; a power offset boom allows your operator to stay in the same position to load and dump, which increases productivity when your team is working in narrow, restricted space. A unique bucket-to-cab avoidance feature is also included to ensure safe operation.


Sticks are matched to the booms. The R3.0 m (9'10") stick is best for when you need deep trenching, longer reach, and top truck loading capabilities. The R2.5 m (8'2") stick provides greater breakout force and increases productivity when you primarily plan on using hydro-mechanical work tools. The R2.1 m (6'11") stick combines with the power offset boom to deliver excellent breakout force and cycle speed in those tough-to-reach places. Your Cat dealer can help you pick the best configuration for your business.

Integrated Technologies

You can make your team’s work much easier and more efficient.

Cat Grade Control Depth and Slope

Cat Grade Control Depth and Slope is a standalone factory offering that allows your operator to reference a site elevation and input simple elevation and slope targets into the display to give them real-time bucket tip position through the cab monitor. This allows them to cut or fill to the target elevation the first time, which minimizes the need and cost for traditional grade checking. It also enhances job site safety and helps your team complete jobs quicker with fewer cycles, which means you’ll save money on fuel.

Cat Product Link™

You can monitor and improve your fleet management with optional Cat Product Link. The integrated system reports events, diagnostic codes, hours, fuel consumption, location, and other pieces of detailed machine information to the secured web-based application called Vision Link™. The powerful tools within Vision Link communicate with you and your authorized Cat dealer to allow them to help you avoid downtime and better maintain your fleet.


You can depend on safe, fast, and easy access.

Ground-Level Compartments

Your service technicians have ground-level access to the radiator, pump, and air cleaner compartments through wide service doors, making it easy for them to reach, check, and replace fluids and filters.

Cooling System

The cooling package features an improved oil cooler and engine radiator design mounted side by side and the air-to-air aftercooler and A/C condenser mounted in front. The radiator uses an aluminum square wave fin to prevent clogging with the other components positioned to make cleaning cores easier - a major service convenience.

Other Service Benefits

The engine oil dipstick is conveniently located in the front of the engine compartment. The fuel tank’s remote drain cock makes it easy and simple to remove water and sediment during routine maintenance. Overfilling the fuel tank is significantly reduced with an integrated fuel level indicator.


Several built-in features will help protect your people.

Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS) Cab

Your operators will benefit from the enhanced protection of a ROPS-certified cab. It is also built to accommodate a Falling Object Guard Structure (FOGS) for industrial applications.

Sound Proofing

Roof lining and sealing make your operator’s sound experience inside the cab comparable to any of today’s top pickup trucks.

Anti-Skid Plates

Your operator and service technicians’ slipping hazards are reduced with anti-skid plates on the surface of the upper structure and the top of the storage box area.

Steps, Hand and Guard Rails

Your service technicians can work securely on the machine with extended hand and guardrails to the upper deck and steps on the track frame and storage box.

Time Delay Lights

The cab and boom lights can be programmed to stay on for up to 90 seconds after the engine has been turned off to help your operators safely exit the machine.

High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lights

You can upgrade to HID for greater visibility in low-light conditions.


You can easily store both the upper and lower window in cab. You also have great overhead visibility and lighting with a large skylight.

Rearview Camera

Your operator has a clear view behind the machine with an optional rearview camera. The image projects through the standard cab monitor.

Complete Customer Care

Your Cat dealer will support you like no other.

Product Support

You can maximize your machines’ uptime with the Cat worldwide dealer network. You can also decrease your repair costs by utilizing Cat remanufactured components while contributing to sustainable development.

Machine Selection

What are your job requirements and machine attachments? What production do you need? Your Cat dealer can provide recommendations to help you make the right machine configuration.


You can ensure lower owning and operating costs by utilizing dealer services and financing options.

Customer Support Agreements

Cat dealers offer a variety of customer support agreements and work with you to develop a plan to meet your specific needs. These plans can cover the entire machine, including attachments, to help protect your investment.


You can boost your profits by improving operating techniques. Your Cat dealer has videos, literature, and other ideas to help you increase productivity. Caterpillar also offers simulators and certified operator training to help maximize the return on your investment.


Repair, rebuild, or replace? Your Cat dealer can help you evaluate the cost involved so you can make the best choice for your business.


Your machine is designed to benefit generations ahead.

  • The 314E CR is an efficient, productive machine that’s designed to conserve our natural resources for generations ahead.
  • The C4.4 ACERT engine ensures you meet U.S. EPA Tier 4 Interim emission standards.
  • The 314E CR has the flexibility of running on either ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel with 15 ppm of sulfur or less or biodiesel (B20) fuel blended with ULSD that meets ASTM 6751 standards.
  • An overfill indicator rises when the fuel tank is full to help your service technicians avoid spilling.
  • An unique engine oil filter eliminates the need for painted metal cans and aluminum top plates. The cartridge-style spin-on housing enables the internal filter to be separated and replaced; the used internal element can be incinerated to help reduce waste.


Model View - Small

Model View
Model View - Small

Model View - Small

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